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Wednesday, August 12 • 4:00pm - 4:25pm
Accuracy Rate Across Online Text-based Chat Room and Face-to-Face Tasks

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Using online texting has become part of our daily communication method and using text-based chat room for language learning is not an exceptional platform to practice L2 inside and outside of the classroom. Recent research shows that inherent features of chat room better facilitate conditions for language interaction (Blake, 2000; Kitade, 2000). However little has yet been discovered on how beneficial it is for language learning using online text-based chat room when compared with face-to-face. This presentation will point out how recent research has conflicting results of what learners are noticing in their own errors through online tasks and present the research results of a study done by 127 students in Japan on accuracy rates and self-repair on three different cognitive tasks: personal, narration, and decision-making across online chat room and face-to-face. The data was analyzed by two way ANOVA. As a result, online text-based chat room tasks in personal and narration tasks had significantly higher accuracy than that of face-to-face. However, the number of self-initiated self-repair were higher for face-to-face. The finding suggests that the use of text-based chat room can facilitate accuracy compared to that of face-to-face and does not take advantage of the trade-off effect pointed out in Foster & Skehan (1996) for face-to-face.

The number of self-initiated self-repair did not relate with the accuracy rate result which could imply that chat logs do not show what the learners are actually producing and that covert self-initiated self-repair in the chat log needs to be taken into consideration to understand fully the learners’ output process (Smith, 2008). In light of the results, the use of online text-based platform could complement the accuracy of face-to-face tasks and potential differences of self-initiated self-repair across online text-based chat and face-to-face could be taken into consideration when implementing the tasks.


Nami Takase

Shizuoka University Arts and Culture

Wednesday August 12, 2015 4:00pm - 4:25pm EDT
Lamont Forum Room - 3rd Floor 11 Quincy St, Cambridge, MA