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Friday, August 14 • 10:25am - 10:50am
The Effects of Oral Sentence Building Task by Using ICT: An Error Analysis of Grammatical Elements

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The purpose of this study is to measure the effectiveness of Oral Sentence Building (OSB) with the use of ICT in improving syntax and other grammatical components during speaking. OSB is a speaking exercise, intended for improving syntax, in which learners verbally rearrange three chunks of words heard at random to make a meaningful sentence. ICT was utilized to keep track of learning records, time regulation, and allow numerous subjects to complete the task on a regular basis. The effectiveness of OSB and ICT is measured by an error analysis of grammatical elements.

Thirty subjects participated in the experiment. Three hundred OSB questions (10 questions×30 times), including various grammatical elements, were uploaded to YouTube, and the URL sent to the subjects at a fixed time through e-mail. The subjects responded to the e-mail each time they finished answering the questions.

A t-test and correlation analysis were conducted on the test results. The results of the analysis were as follows;

1) The number of OSB practices and development in the use of plural forms

・Significantly different, intermediately correlated

This suggests that the repetitive OSB practice enables learners to pay more attention to plural forms when speaking.

2) The number of OSB practices and development in the use of articles, collocations, and influence of similar sounds

・Significantly different, weakly correlated

Results may have been dependent on the subjects’ understanding of the use of collocations.

3) The number of OSB practices & development in the use of third-person-singular-present forms

・Non-significantly different, weakly correlated

This shows that the OSB task did not significantly contribute to improvement in this area.

According to the universal order of grammar acquisition as summarized by Shirahata (2008), plural forms were acquired earlier than other grammatical elements including articles and third-person-singular-present, which supports the results of this study.


Fumiya Shinozaki

Tennoji Junior High School Attached to Osaka Kyoiku University

Haruyo Yoshida

Osaka Kyoiku University

Friday August 14, 2015 10:25am - 10:50am EDT
William James 105 33 Kirkland St Cambridge, MA