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Wednesday, August 12 • 4:00pm - 4:25pm
The Effect of Computer-Assisted Oral Reading While Listening on the Development of Listening and Speaking Proficiency

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The need to acquire English listening and speaking skills is increasing in Japan; however, in EFL contexts such as Japan where access to English input and opportunities to produce output is limited, becoming a skilled English speaker is challenging. One way to improve students’ listening to and speaking proficiency is oral reading while listening, an approach that connects the written and spoken language. It has been found to improve L2 learners’ English pronunciation, listening skills, and oral reading fluency. Recently computer software that allows learners to listen to an mp3 file while recording their voice is widely used in universities in Japan. Although this software makes intensive oral reading while listening practice possible, little research involving the software has been conducted. This study is an examination of the effects having Japanese EFL university students engage in computer-assisted oral reading while listening. The students’ L2 listening proficiency was measured with a dictation test and L2 oral reading fluency was measured by speech rate, mean length of fluent runs between pauses, number of pauses per minute, and rater judgment. In addition, interviews were conducted to investigate changes in the way the students listen to and orally read English. The statistical analysis showed significant improvements in L2 listening ability and oral reading fluency. The interviews revealed that when listening the learners began to listen to chunks rather than single words, and when engaged in oral reading, they began to pause between thought groups and to link words. Computer-assisted oral reading while listening provides students with opportunities to carefully listen to and produce English. The results of this study support the usefulness of oral reading while listening as a way to improve L2 listening and speaking.

Speakers
SS

Satoko Suzuki

Temple University, Japan Campus


Wednesday August 12, 2015 4:00pm - 4:25pm
William James B1 33 Kirkland St Cambridge, MA